The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) meetings continued in Bonn, Germany from 9 – 11 April 2010. This marked the eleventh session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP 11) as well as the ninth session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA 9).
The meetings were focused on the organization of each of the working groups in the coming year. The main goal was to prepare for a successful conclusion of the groups’ work during the upcoming Conference of Parties (COP) 16 in Cancun later this year.
During the three day meeting there was much reflection on the COP 15 negotiations which took place in Copenhagen last December. Criticisms of COP15 have been extreme in the past months. At the Bonn meeting, 10 April, Pablo Solon, Bolivia’s ambassador to the UN, condemned what he called “continued attempts by some developed countries to impose a deeply flawed Copenhagen Accord as the basis for future negotiations.”
In order to combat the failures Solon has identified in the process, Bolivia will host the World Peoples’ Summit on Climate Change and Rights of Mother Earth on 19-22 April 2010. More than 15,000 people and 70 governments are expected to attend. The object of the Summit is to bring “civil society back into the process of climate change negotiations.”
In the wake of COP 15 there has been a call from many developing nations towards more industrialized ones for increased trust. To this point, at a press conference, Solon called for a return to the full UNFCCC process, and to strengthen what had been agreed in COP15. He stated that “the central aim of any climate summit is not to save itself and accept any outcome, but to come to an agreement that will save humanity.”
In the wake of criticism and the launch of the World Peoples’ Summit, the USA has begun to slice millions of climate change support dollars from Bolivia. These cuts in funds were not stated as being directly related to the Summit launch. However, funds are also being cut from Ecuador, which is the first nation to recognize the legal rights of Mother Earth. Commenting on the cuts in funding from the USA and Denmark, Solon commented: “what kind of negotiation is it where you lose money if you disagree?”
Only time will tell if the actions like the World Peoples’ Summit on Climate Change and Rights of Mother Earth will affect the goals and tone of COP 16.