90% of 12-18 year olds in China, Brazil , Africa, Russia and many other countries believed that world leaders should do everything they can to address climate change in a recent UNEP survey. Yvo de Boer stressed our global responsibility and commitment to finding a climate change solution yesterday in his address to The Climate Group’s Climate Leaders Summit.
From where we stand today, a deal at Copenhagen still needs a lot of support, however, Boer stressed the need to establish agreement on the fundamental elements, encouraged that the rest will follow. He added that the monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) aspects must be effective, and we must create a practical and effective “agreement with legs” to drive us to a lower carbon and more sustainable development. In a press conference today, he highlighted his expectations for a successful deal at Copenhagen – clarity on advancing the climate change agenda, clarity on commitments (targets), financial resources and the financial architecture for developing counties. Devloped country leadership and ambition, and the transfer of financial and technology support for the developing countries will be crucial issues.
Boer commented on the global economic crisis and its impacts on the global climate negotiations too, highlighting that many countries are seeing the current financial climate as an opportunity to address environmental issues, and referred to the EU and US packages which include reference to cleaner energy. He stressed the role business has to play in a Copenhagen deal – climate change solutions must be economically effective.
Key discussions focus on market mechanisms for finance (including the Adaptation Fund) and technology transfer, discussions over CDM reform – equity issues and debate over whether this should include CCS; the issue and REDD; x. A Copenhagen deal needs to address the debate the financial aspects – and clarify who will decide where the money is spent? How much, and on what? Key questions that the delegations continue to debate here in Poznan.
There is a significant role for cities and regions to contribute to this agenda, particularly in determining the MRV procedures and communicating the agreement in local governance. Reflecting local commitments to supporting this agenda with practical actions, the Summit (Chaired by Premier Rann of South Australia and with a video address from the Governor of California, Arnold Schwarzenegger), produced an a statement/Action Plan to influence the ongoing negotiations and support the UNFCCC secretariat to ensure attention is paid to a cooperative effort to defining the MRV actions, public policy and mechanisms to achieve this.
The road to Copenhagen is in sight, all that remains for discussion is the detail of how to get there.