The Statement from the Globe America’s Legislators Forum – a possible stepping stone for voluntary emissions reduction targets in Mexico.
From November 21 to 23, GLOBE International brought together 70 high level legislators from across Latin America in a pre-Poznan meeting on climate change and the economic crisis in Mexico City. Although quiet, the resulting document might be a stepping stone for Mexico (and other Latin American Countries?) to adopt voluntary emissions targets in a post-Kyoto agenda.
What are the results in detail? First, the conclusion that the economic crisis provides opportunities to integrate climate change and energy security into the economic recovery; that’s surely an important statement – but we want to see something more tangible: read point 7 it in the Statement from the GLOBE Americas Legislators Forum.
In short: We recognise that to reach a global reduction in GHG emissions of 50 per cent from 1990 levels by 2050, will require leadership from developed countries: However, given that in 2050 8 billion of the estimated 9 billion global population will be living in what are currently classified as developing countries, action by these countries is also critical.
Therefore, on the condition of developed countries, taking on deep-binding emissions targets according to their historic responsibility, the most advanced developing countries should
a) take on nationally appropriate commitments that reduce the carbon intensity of their development, supported by measurable, reportable and verifiable finance and technology transfer by developed countries, in the period up to 2020.
b) take on binding absolute emissions reductions thereafter, subject to industrialized countries delivering on their commitments in terms of emissions reductions, technology transfer and finance.
From the little public recognition this document has received, at least in Mexico, we might not assign much importance to it. Yet, let’s remind ourselves of the rhetoric of the plus Five countries (two of which are Latin American!) at the Hokkaido summit. Although developing countries conceded to take on nationally appropriate mitigation strategies, there is no word of either voluntary or binding emissions reduction targets.
Whether and how this statement has actual implications for policy making we will see when Mexico publishes its Special Programme for Climate Change (Programa Especial de Cambio Climatico) beginning of next year and more concretely in the capacity of the recent Reform of the Energy Sector to increase its energy efficiency.
- At Poznan, Mexico aims to adopt the role of ensuring that the problems of the financial and resulting economic crisis will not eclipse the urgency of a climate change response.