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European Union

Economic and Political Union, 27 Member States

Party to the Convention: Yes
Party to the Protocol: Yes
UNFCCC Status: Annex I
2020 Reduction Target: 20-30% (1990)
2050 Reduction Target: 80% (1990)
Fast-Start Pledge: $9595M, aggregate (€ 7200M)
National Communication: Fifth National Communication


Policy NameTypeYear
European Climate Change ProgrammeClimate Change Policy2000
Mechanism for monitoring GHG emissions and implementing the Kyoto Protocol in the EU (Decision 280/2004/EC)Climate Change Policy2004
Environmental Technologies Action Plan (COM (2005) 16)Climate Change Policy2005
Second European Climate Change Programme (ECCP II)Climate Change Policy2005
EU Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading System (EU ETS) (Directive 2003/87/EC)Climate Change Policy2005 (Last amended on 23 April 2009)
The F-Gas Regulation - Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on certain fluorinated greenhouse gases (Regulation 842/2006)Climate Change Policy2006
Reducing greenhouse gases by 2020 (Decision No 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009)Climate Change Policy2009
A Roadmap for moving to a competitive low carbon economy in 2050Climate Change Policy2011
Commission Regulation (EU) No 601/2012 on the monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissionsClimate Change Policy2012
EU ETS Single RegistryClimate Change Policy2012
European Energy Charter (Decision 98/181/EC)Clean & renewable energy generation1997
Directive on the promotion of the us of energy from renewable sources (amending amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC)Clean & renewable energy generation1998
Directive for the promotion of electricity from renewable energy sources in the internal electricity market (Directive 2001/77/EC)Clean & renewable energy generation2001
Community framework for the taxation of energy products and electricity (Council Directive 2003/96/EC of 27 October 2003)Clean & renewable energy generation2003
Directive on the promotion of cogeneration (2004/8/EC)Clean & renewable energy generation2004
Biomass Action Plan (COM(2006) 628 final)Clean & renewable energy generation2005
Renewable Energy Road Map (COM (2006) 848 final)Clean & renewable energy generation2006
Commission Green Paper: "A European strategy for sustainable, competitive and secure energy" (COM (2006)15)Clean & renewable energy generation2006
EU Strategy for biofuels (COM (2006) 34 final)Clean & renewable energy generation2006
The Global Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Fund (GEEREF) (COM (2006) 583 final)Clean & renewable energy generation2006
Strategic Energy Technology (SET) Plan (COM (2007) 723 final)Clean & renewable energy generation2007
Energy Security and Solidarity Action Plan (COM (2008) 781)Clean & renewable energy generation2008
Directive for a regulatory framework for the geological storage of carbon dioxide (Act 3739/08; 8036/09 ADD1)Clean & renewable energy generation2009
Promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (Renewable Energy Directive - Directive 2009/28/EC)Clean & renewable energy generation2009
European Energy Programme for Recovery (Regulation 663/2009)Clean & renewable energy generation2009
NER300 Funding (Programme of investment in low carbon and renewable energy demonstration projects)Clean & renewable energy generation2010
European Union strategy to reduce atmospheric emissions from seagoing ships (COM (2002) 595 final)Efficiency in energy consumption2002
Directive on the energy performance of buildings (Directive 2002/91/EC)Efficiency in energy consumption2002
Directive to promote the use of biofuels and other renewable fuels for transport (Directive 2003/30/EC)Efficiency in energy consumption2003
Green Paper "Energy Efficiency - or Doing More with Less" (COM (2005) 265 final)Efficiency in energy consumption2005
Reducing the Climate Change Impact of Aviation (COM (2005) 459 final)Efficiency in energy consumption2005
The Marco Polo II Programme (Regulation 1692/2006)Efficiency in energy consumption2006
Directive on energy end-use efficiency and energy services and repealing Council Directive 93/76/EEC (Directive 2006/32/EC)Efficiency in energy consumption2006
Energy Policy for Europe (COM (2007) 1 final)Efficiency in energy consumption2007
Council regulation setting up the Clean Sky Joint Undertaking (Clean Sky JTI) (Regulation 71/2008)Efficiency in energy consumption2008
Regulation to set emission performance standards for new passeneger cars as part of the Community's intergrated approach to reduce CO2 emissions from light-duty vehicles (Regulation 443/2009)Efficiency in energy consumption2009
Directive to promotion the use of energy from renewable sources (Directive 2009/28/EC)Efficiency in energy consumption2009
Decision on historical aviation emissions establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the CommunityEfficiency in energy consumption2011
Regulation (EU) No 510/2011 setting emission performance standards for new light commercial vehicles as part of the Union's integrated approach to reduce CO 2 emissions from light-duty vehiclesEfficiency in energy consumption2011
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 725/2011 establishing a procedure for the approval and certification of innovative technologies for reducing CO 2 emissions from passenger carsEfficiency in energy consumption2011
Proposal for a Regulation to define the modalities for reaching the 2020 target to reduce CO2 emissions from new light commercial vehiclesEfficiency in energy consumption2012
Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy efficiencyEfficiency in energy consumption2012
Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) EU Action Plan(COM (2003) 251 final)REDD / LULUCF2003
Council Regulation on the establishment of a FLEGT voluntary licensing scheme for imports of timber into the European Community (Regulation 2173/2005)REDD / LULUCF2005
EU Forestry Strategy (COM (2005) 84 final)REDD / LULUCF2005
Commission directive on action to be taken against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants by engines intended to power agricultural or forestry tractors (Directive 2005/13/EC)REDD / LULUCF2005
EU Forest Action Plan (COM (2006) 302)REDD / LULUCF2006
Addressing the challenges of deforestation and forest degradation to tackle climate change and biodiversity loss (COM (2008) 645 final)REDD / LULUCF2008
5th LIFE+ call for proposalsREDD / LULUCF2011

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